0000003997 00000 n /MissingWidth 250 0000002624 00000 n 0000003061 00000 n 8).They observe a sharp increase in the slope of the tip amplitude response (related to contact stiffness) as function of sample temperature. /ItalicAngle 0 /Leading 150 /Type /Font ������{n�s�{���s�=�I� ��k����S?nš_��5K�^�]��� �X��{��kn���� �[,t���W��9˓qL� �MXN�w݊o�0� #�^�vq��=�� >> 0000003217 00000 n 0000012371 00000 n - Window and door headers. 0000005089 00000 n The load transferring mechanism of inter-module connections. endobj /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 833 0 0 333 333 500 675 250 333 /ItalicAngle 0

However, there is a lack of relevant understanding on the structural performance of CMSBs such as lateral stiffness. /StemH 77 << /Descent -216

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0 0 0 0 0 0 0 889 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Two lateral-force resistance mechanisms with different structural configurations were clarified including the framed moment resisting mechanism and the membrane tension action mechanism.

0000013787 00000 n 667 722 611 0 611 500 556 722 611 833 611 556 556 0 0 0 This study therefore investigated the lateral stiffness of the two-storey planar modular structure taken from CMSBs with the vertical rotary inter-module connections. /CapHeight 662

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0000006016 00000 n /FontDescriptor 7 0 R /FirstChar 32 0000003373 00000 n endobj 0000002984 00000 n The load transferring mechanism of inter-module connections was analyzed where modules stiffness as well as inter-module connections rotational stiffness were considered. /Subtype /TrueType Theoretical modellings to estimate the initial lateral stiffness of such two-storey modular structures. startxref

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Recently, Overney and coworkers [73] have used lateral stiffness measurements to measure glass transition temperatures, T g, of polymer thin films of varying thickness and molecular weight (Fig. trailer 0000004387 00000 n

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office because these account for beam stiffness, column stiffness, and both infill and panel aspect ratios. /FontDescriptor 11 0 R /FontBBox [-568 -307 2000 1007]

Required lateral stiffness, Tk D P Pn Lc (17.9) where P represents the summation of all columns in one story, Pn is the nominal axial compression strength of a column using the effective length factor K D1, and Lc is the unsupported length of a column.

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0 /Flags 32 Lateral bracing about the weak axis can increase the strength and stability of a column by reducing the effective length of the column. /Type /Font 0000004777 00000 n /XHeight 454 /MissingWidth 250 0000005167 00000 n /ItalicAngle -16.399 endobj Meziane Chalah, Farid Chalah, Salah Eddine Djellab, Djillali Benouar, Effect of Beam Rigidity on the Lateral Stiffness of a One-Storey Frame, Engineering Design Applications III, 10.1007/978-3-030-39062-4_11, (115-126), (2020). ... 2 represents the joint stiffness of the column 1-2 at the end 1 and 2 respectively. /LastChar 150 /CreationDate (D:20121017235446+05'30') 0000003919 00000 n ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Lateral stiffness evaluation on corner-supported thin walled modular steel structures. /BaseFont /Arial-BoldMT /XHeight 457 /Leading 150 0000023912 00000 n /StemH 77 I would like to check on the restraint stiffness of the column too but the tests are over. The assumptions adopted for the mechanical model of specimen SJ2 were the same as those of specimen SJ1; therefore, the mechanical calculation model of specimen SJ2 is as shown in Fig. 0000002671 00000 n 5 0 obj 6 0 obj /FontBBox [-558 -307 2000 1026] 0000015106 00000 n << /StemH 78 endobj 0000005323 00000 n 0000021852 00000 n %PDF-1.4 • Examples of such lateral bracing include the following. /Descent -216 /Type /FontDescriptor << 564 0 0 722 667 667 722 611 556 722 722 333 389 722 611 889

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93 71 /Length1 10836 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500]>> ( Here the two are very important once for columns subjected to gravity and lateral loads.)

/FontDescriptor 9 0 R /Widths [ 278]>> 722 778 611 778 722 556 667 722 722 1000 0 722 0 0 0 0 /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding The lateral-force resistance mechanisms with different structural configurations. <<0B381595956AA44EA731CEA1D5FEDDB9>]>> /LastChar 32 0000005634 00000 n /LastChar 150 �� ��޸�2�q�_���K/_�|�c���YrS�op~������PiS�=��8Ϩ�~q!����3�p��p=^p�U�c�e�^"�0N߆nh�7@.����I��a6PH"k�� [� 7�#P)$��8�B��xH�d1Hsay�@3�Q��vX��X�T`Alg!�{�!x ނ�A"Θ��L���:hCV�1�P%n���'�7��#��?�W���7���QYPe0�0��b�����������O)��A��7� stream 0 0 0 444 500 444 500 444 333 500 500 278 278 500 278 778 0000003529 00000 n

slenderness ratio to … 722 722 556 0 667 556 611 722 722 944 722 722 0 333 0 333 0000005479 00000 n

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Crossref. /Filter [/FlateDecode] xref 0000005401 00000 n /AvgWidth 402 In order to start with column stiffness is a generic word and it. /FirstChar 32 /XHeight 519

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https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tws.2020.106967.

The results indicated that all the three structures showed the satisfactory ductile behavior but the container-type modular structure could possess much higher initial stiffness when subjected to lateral load. /LastChar 169 /Producer (PDF-XChange 4.0.187.0 \(Windows XP Professional Service Pack 3 \(Build 2600\)\)) /MaxWidth 2000 << /MaxWidth 2000

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%���� 0000004621 00000 n 0000003685 00000 n The meaning of inter storey deflection (s) is shown in Fig. ^FՅ^\�Mld��p^(d����qc�S�������)S. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. /StemV 77 0000004075 00000 n /Ascent 891 0000005245 00000 n

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/CapHeight 662 /AvgWidth 401 0000004309 00000 n Needs some specifics to start with. 0000009276 00000 n /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding The design recommendations of the inter-module connections. Furthermore, the bending moment transferred by inter-module connections was obtained from the theoretical derivation and used to demonstrate the above load transferring of inter-module connections. 500 500 500 0 389 389 278 500 444 667 444 444 389 0 0 0 endobj 0000003841 00000 n /StemV 77

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/Ascent 905 )��h p>�ma��=�m��� ����v���:|��0$m``x1%$���k������䀘/H�լkb-8>����.�告��4~>��Flc����y�:%������Xͺ�ֶ��������||���������뀔H�C������!����� [����Q�vZ|C�1���w-lJ?_=M?a��3��u�v/g��W�lt���Ǜp�������m����`���w�r3��@Sn�vK������`�z��ަko��˞-�t��"��ܙ����������*V�k!c��p��GoO�c�@�t��E����������n�����A�F���Zp�||�(���:����F���GII)4 ,p���X��j����`���$��0 �APP4��Q���I �f ��!�(� lw1 \����� &�[9 x�A�� �XD��袃"�� W��1n�m�aN�f�A,g�)� 0000012552 00000 n 0 0 0 722 667 722 722 667 611 778 778 389 0 778 667 944 /Leading 150 Full-scale experiments on two-storey corner-supported modular steel structures with the rotary inter-module connections. 0000005788 00000 n /ItalicAngle 0 12 0 obj By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. 250 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 278 278 0 564 /StemH 77 << In this way, theoretical modellings were developed to estimate the initial lateral stiffness of such two-storey modular structures and verified by the experimental results. endobj Three full-scale monotonic experiments representing container-type modules, framed modules and their combination, were carried out to evaluate their lateral performance. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 760]>> column in that storey) is used to quantify the lateral stiffness of the frame. On the other hand, strut-width proposed by Al-Chaar (2002) is sim-pler than that proposed by Durrani and Luo (1994). 0000009413 00000 n 0 0 0 500 500 444 500 444 278 500 500 278 278 444 278 722 It is based on both experimental and 702 G. MONDAL AND S. K. JAIN. >>

- Infill wall panels. /Subtype /TrueType << 0 0 0 500 556 444 556 444 333 500 556 278 0 556 278 833 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 333 0 564 250 333 numerical research. 0000005864 00000 n 24a, where P is the lateral force at the top of the upper column and K 0 denotes the initial rotation stiffness of the inter-module connection, its value is the same as the one in mechanical model of SJ1. /BaseFont /TimesNewRomanPS-BoldMT /Leading 150 /FontBBox [-498 -307 1120 1023] endobj T!L� 7����5�]�}�@�{0�ģ���R��,�Hm�_��U�YE�����Q��!�郧�Y&��� �N��4�(���p��"�9L%��d�&����2f)lo��H�@fC�p\^��bT�a�==�`;]x2�A��F���h1k� YB����1�Y��4�C�,�J6B���>�)�٦D���}���c\[��~�>'��㑻 {���j�O5Ób�$)t�9��Pp7I�� ́ZZ�7%x��_�}���G��+L�]�[[9��ڻw��p�F�zj�}dImD�N��$����{�������M�姥�iޡGx�s(5�t��㤴Œ�4w/[. The effective length of columns in multi-storey frames A. Webbera, J.J. Orra,⇑, P. Shepherda, K. Crothersb a Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, United Kingdom bAtkins Design and Engineering, Oxford, United Kingdom article info Article history: Received 5 January 2015 Revised 24 July 2015 Accepted 27 July 2015 0000004465 00000 n 0 0 0 611 611 667 722 611 611 722 722 333 0 667 556 833

Corner-supported modular steel buildings (CMSBs) are mainly composed of repetitive room-sized modules and inter-module connections.

- Supports for curtain walls.

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