Its exact wording is: “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”. This case has been described as about “a statute prohibiting the carrying of concealed weapons [that] was violative of the Second Amendment”. There are exceptions for domestic violence cases, certain felony convictions, and other localized restrictions. In the United States, the Second Amendment has become just as important as the First Amendment when it comes to the rights that citizens find important. Ratified December 15, 1791. The 18th Amendment — which brought Prohibition to the United States — was repealed by the 21st Amendment in 1933, ending thirteen years of alcoholic excess and the rampages of individualized and organized crime. In 2005, John G. Roberts was sworn in as the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, following the death of his predecessor, William Rehnquist. In this case, the plaintiffs were convicted of buying and selling an unregistered gun suppressor — a device that muffles the sound of the weapon being fired — which is illegal under the 1934 National Firearms Act. This law, the first of its kind, taxed firearm sales and required registration of the purchase of fully automatic firearms and other guns favored by bootleggers. During this waiting period, authorities would conduct a background check on the prospective buyer. Then, the assasination of John F. Kennedy re-focused the nation’s awareness of the dangers presented by unregulated, widespread gun ownership. Second Amendment Right to Bear Arms. The idea that people can overthrow a tyrannical government may be admirable in theory, perhaps, but the US does not have a good record of accepting the theory when applied against Washington. The 2nd Amendment guarantees the right of every American citizen to own a gun. In the 2016 Presidential campaign, candidate Dr. Ben Carson famously stated that mass shootings are simply the price that US citizens pay for the freedom to own guns. In June 2010, a Chicago law that banned handguns was struck down. This is a reflection of the attitudes about guns that is seen on the right and the left in the modern United States. On Easter Sunday, 1873 — ironically two years after the formation of the National Rifle Association (whose importance will soon become apparent to this tale) — a White militia made up of members of two White Supremacists groups, the Knights of the White Camellia and the Ku Klux Klan, murdered over one hundred and fifty African-Africans in the town of Colfax, Louisiana [6]. In the present day, there is concern that justices with avowed leanings towards gun rights will use similar logic to decimate firearm regulations. But, unfortunately, the public at large does not have access to these kinds of protections. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Popular access to arms is the sine qua non of such an ideal. 3. In retaliation, colonists began to smuggle guns in from the Continent (meaning Europe), stockpiling extras for a day when they would need them to fight the increasingly vindictive Crown. To link to this article in the text of an online publication, please use this URL: https://historycooperative.org/second-amendment/. The federal government then took the issue to the Supreme Court in a case known as United States vs. Cruikshank. The Industrial Revolution further ensured easier gun manufacturing, specifically by creating grooved barrels (called “rifling”) that improved accuracy.

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