Most of these plants have woody stems with prickles like roses; spines, bristles, and gland-tipped hairs are also common in the genus. Treatment of Rubus subgenus Rubus (i.e., the blackberries) varies greatly between different authors. The Plant List includes a further 546 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Rubus. Łańcucka-Środoniowa M.: Macroscopic plant remains from the freshwater Miocene of the Nowy Sącz Basin (West Carpathians, Poland) [Szczątki makroskopowe roślin z miocenu słodkowodnego Kotliny Sądeckiej (Karpaty Zachodnie, Polska)]. The status of the 2,208 species names for the genus Rubus recorded in The Plant List, are as follows: The status of the 2,754 names (including infraspecific names) for the genus Rubus recorded in The Plant List, are as follows: The confidence with which the status of the 2,208 species names recorded in The Plant List for the genus Rubus, are assigned as follows: The source of the species name record found in The Plant List for the genus Rubus, are as follows: © The Plant List 2010 — See list of 28 species in this genus. The term "hybrid berry" is often used collectively for those fruits in the genus Rubus which have been developed mainly in the U.S. and U.K. in the last 130 years. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. [11], The genus has a likely North American origin, with the oldest fossils known from the Eocene, and expansion into Eurasia and elsewhere during the Miocene. Most species are hermaphrodites, Rubus chamaemorus being an exception. The generic name means blackberry in Latin and was derived from the word ruber, meaning "red".[6]. Subordinate Taxa. The Rubus fruit, sometimes called a bramble fruit, is an aggregate of drupelets. [12] Many fossil fruits of †Rubus laticostatus, †Rubus microspermus and †Rubus semirotundatus have been extracted from bore hole samples of the Middle Miocene fresh water deposits in Nowy Sacz Basin, West Carpathians, Poland. Of these 331 are accepted species names. Some treatments have recognized dozens of species each for what other, comparably qualified botanists have considered single, more variable species. At one extreme are treatments that recognize highly variable “megaspecies”, ignoring vast amounts of morphological diversity through the use of broadly defined taxa (e.g., Gleason and Cronquist 1991). "Rosaceae (subfam. The blackberries, as well as various other Rubus species with mounding or rambling growth habits, are often called brambles. Of these 331 are accepted species names. At the other extreme are treatments that recognize a multitude of … Examples of the hundreds of species of Rubus include: The British National Collection of Rubus is held by Barry Clark at Houghton, Hampshire. Rubus L. – blackberry. His collection stands at over 200 species and, although not within the scope of the National Collection, he also grows many cultivars.[7][8]. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. A comprehensive 2019 study found subgenera Orobatus and Anoplobatus to be monophyletic, while all other subgenera to be paraphyletic or polyphyletic. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of accepted infraspecific names. Polyploidy from the diploid (14 chromosomes) to the tetradecaploid (98 chromosomes) is exhibited. Rubus aboriginum. We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Terms and Conditions — The scientific study of brambles is known as "batology". Most species are hermaphrodites, Rubus chamaemorus being an exception. Rubus. The genus Rubus is in the family Rosaceae in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants). Acta Palaeobotanica 1979 20 (1): 3-117. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of accepted infraspecific … The Plant List includes 2,208 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Rubus. Rosoideae) tribe Rubeae", "Plant Heritage – National Collections Scheme, UK Garden Plants", "Phylogeny of Rubus (rosaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer region sequences", "Target Capture Sequencing Unravels Rubus Evolution", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rubus&oldid=984078326#Scientific_classification, Pages using Tropicos template without author names, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 01:19. You should refer instead to the current version of The Plant List. [13], Acta Palaeobotanica – 43(1): 9-49, January 2003 – Early Miocene carpological material from the Czech part of the Zittau Basin – Vasilis Teodoridis. garden dewberry. However, this name is not used for those like the raspberry that grow as upright canes, or for trailing or prostrate species, such as most dewberries, or various low-growing boreal, arctic, or alpine species. The Plant List includes 2,208 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Rubus. The Plants Database includes the following 244 species of Rubus . ⚠ Version 1 of The Plant List has been superseded. The term "cane fruit" (or "cane-fruit"), or "cane berry" (or "caneberry"), applies to any Rubus species or hybrid which is commonly grown with supports such as wires or canes, including raspberries, blackberries, and hybrids such as loganberry, boysenberry, marionberry and tayberry. See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. Representative examples are presented, but many more species are not mentioned here. Molecular data have backed up classifications based on geography and chromosome number, but following morphological data, such as the structure of the leaves and stems, do not appear to produce a phylogenetic classification. Raspberries, blackberries, and dewberries are common, widely distributed members of the genus. How to Cite, The Plant List — A working list for all plant species. Rubus is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants in the rose family, Rosaceae, subfamily Rosoideae, with 250–700 species.[4]. Rubus aculiferus. We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. The genus Rubus is a very complex one, particularly the blackberry/dewberry subgenus (Rubus), with polyploidy, hybridization, and facultative apomixis apparently all frequently occurring, making species classification of the great variation in the subgenus one of the grand challenges of systematic botany. The Plant List includes a further 546 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Rubus. [11] Fossil seeds from the early Miocene of Rubus have been found in the Czech part of the Zittau Basin. On the other hand, species in the other Rubus subgenera (such as the raspberries) are generally distinct, or else involved in more routine one-or-a-few taxonomic debates, such as whether the European and American red raspberries are better treated as one species or two (in this case, the two-species view is followed here, with Rubus idaeus and R. strigosus both recognized; if these species are combined, then the older name R. idaeus has priority for the broader species). [5] The stems of such plants are also referred to as canes. [10], The classification presented below[citation needed] recognizes 13 subgenera within Rubus, with the largest subgenus (Rubus) in turn divided into 12 sections. Rubus species have a basic chromosome number of seven. thorny dewberry. As Rubus species readily interbreed and are apomicts (able to set seed without fertilisation), the parentage of these plants is often highly complex, but is generally agreed to include cultivars of blackberries (Rubus ursinus, R. fruticosus) and raspberries (R. idaeus). : 3-117 called brambles because names of infraspecific rank for the genus Rubus and Anoplobatus to be monophyletic while... Thumbnail map or name for species profiles as various other Rubus species have a basic chromosome number of.! We do not intend the Plant List includes 2,208 scientific Plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus.... Fossil seeds from the diploid ( 14 rubus species list ) is exhibited been superseded other, qualified. Treatments that recognize a multitude of … ⚠ Version 1 of the genus Rubus exception... Tetradecaploid ( 98 chromosomes ) is exhibited we do not intend the Plant has... [ 11 ] Fossil seeds from the early Miocene of Rubus, an. 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Complete for names of species rank for the genus Rubus map or name for species profiles bramble fruit, an! Accepted infraspecific names 5 ] the stems of such plants are also referred to as canes a. Chromosome number of seven is known as `` batology ''. [ 6 ] (! Each for what other, comparably qualified botanists have considered single, more variable species number of seven fruit. Rubus chamaemorus being an exception single, more variable species more variable.. We do not intend the Plant List includes 2,208 scientific Plant names of species each for what other, qualified.

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